Documentary about migration in Mauritius

Here’s the full version of the short documentary about migrant students and workers in Mauritius which was shown at the local edition of the Global Migration Film Festival 2020. The event was organised by the International Organisation for Migration in Mauritius (IOM Madagascar, Mauritius, Comoros & Seychelles) on 17 December 2020 at the University of Mauritius.

The documentary involved the participation of my Journalism students as part of a broadcast and digital journalism module which I teach in Year 2 of the BSc Journalism and BSc Communication Studies programmes. I produced the final cut with the assistance of my lab officer Manav Ramsokul.

Many thanks to IOM for this interesting opportunity, to all the persons who agreeed to speak on camera and to the Journalism students for their participation!

Political Campaigns 2.0

By Lakshana Ramroop, Pooja Sookun, Ashvin Pothano, Ornella Thelva and Shazia Thupsee.

Introduction

A political campaign is a set of political activities that people carry out over a period of time (in order to achieve something such as social or political change) which seeks to influence the decision-making process of people within a specific group.

“In democracies, political campaigns often refer to electoral campaigns, wherein representatives are chosen or referendums are decided. In modern politics, the most high-profile political campaigns are focused on candidates for head of state of government, often a President or Prime Minister.”
– Definitions.net

Digital campaigns have become prominent. With the introduction of new media, political campaign strategies of political parties, candidates and political organizations have faced a wave of changes. The new media has been able to reshape election media coverage and influence voter engagement. With the introduction of new media, we have been able to witness 6 types of Ads.

Types Of Ads

Ad type #1 Introduction
These types of ads are expected from the political campaigns right from the beginning of the race. As the name itself suggests, this ad is like an introductory ad where the candidate will describe his or her background qualifications as well as the reasons for running for the elections. The candidate in this ad becomes the main subject.

IMG-20191114-WA0018      IMG-20191114-WA0016  IMG-20191114-WA0014

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Streaming Videos vs TV

By Hillary Kissing, Tanvi Ramtohul, Géraldine Saintas, Roxanne Février and Melina Fauvrelle-Sohun

Influence of live streaming on political campaign

    • Live streaming refers to the process of how the online streaming media is recorded concurrently and broadcast in actual time of the event to allow to the viewer to see it using their media devices such as laptop, mobile phones, tablets and television.
    • The process alone has the power to distribute the same video on a global scale to reach the target viewers which can count in terms of millions or even billions.

Live streaming (alongside social media) and political campaigns
With the rise of live streaming video, this means that people have started watching the news happen as it occurs. On the one hand, political campaigns now have a whole new means of information distribution to worry about. On the other, social media, and live streaming in particular, is the most easily controlled way of getting your message to the public in history.

With modern technology, including social media (for instance, Facebook), it is now possible to attend virtual events where you can participate in live streaming events and interact with politicians and candidates.

While reporters and campaigns rush to adopt live streaming apps to broadcast directly from the campaign trail using their phones and other devices, groups that specialize in political tracking and dirt-digging are investing in the technology to share video footage they can use to degrade the opposition. When you are the first source of information — whether it is feeding clips to the press or posting on social media — you have the best chance of framing that news to fit your interests

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Use of new media as a means of generating revenue

By Melvin Moonien, Ritesh Subrun, Nidhi Groodoyal, Ganesha Seebaruth and Shamya Lall Mahomed.

International influencers

The phenomenon of earning money online through social media and other platforms has reached the whole world. In each country, we can see people trying to use the psychology of influence to make engaging art and change lives.
This phenomenon does not have any barrier. Even age cannot stop people from being influencers.

Ryan’s World

For example, a 7 year old boy generated $22 million by reviewing toys on his YouTube page.

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Big Data & Privacy Issues

By Zaynab Aumeer,  Saffiyah Goolam Hossen, Jannat Mamode, Pritima Ramroop, and Pamela Ravina.

Investopedia defines big data as “the large, diverse sets of information that grow at ever-increasing rates. It encompasses the volume of information about user’s autobiography and often comes from multiple sources. Big data can also be categorized as structured or unstructured.
Big data is collected from social media platforms and websites, through product purchases, electronic check-ins, locations, interests and questionnaires. Big data has its importance in the marketing area mainly as it has the potential to provide companies with profitable insights into their customers. These further enable marketers to refine marketing campaigns maximize customer engagement and conversion rates.
The realm of big data is a million dollar generating business considering how it is an important tool used in the marketing industry to affect the decision making of people. More often internet users receive an advertisement in mail or online that is quite relevant to their situation or their interest. Today there are over 4,000 data brokering companies worldwide that sell these data to leading companies across the world which explains the relevancy of advertisements to users. Acxiom is one of the largest data brokering companies in the world has over 23,000 servers that collect and analyze data for 500 million consumers worldwide.
Every search is monitored by data brokering companies and the information will be sold to companies so that they can create online ads to catch the attention of the user.
Now data brokering is a 200 million dollar industry.
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tEChnOLOGY

By Bhurshita Seechurn, Josue Armance, Bhaveena D. Appadoo, Threeshika Napal and Khausar Hoota.

Less energy use equals to less pressure on energy converting companies to cater for increasing demand equals to less strain on natural resources. This simple equation is the basis of every reason why energy efficiency is a must in the 21st century.

‘Energy efficiency is a notion focusing on technology and enhanced productivity’ (Moezzi, 2000). Common practices range from simply changing halogen lighting to LED lighting to using electric vehicles for transportation. Energy efficiency is a phenomenon which cuts across various aspects, namely transportation, building design and more importantly, technology. However, with the emergence of high performance technologies comes the responsibility to be energy efficient.
The report looks at how technology, in its various forms, helps/could help in reducing the consumption of energy across the following sectors:

  • Household sector
  • Agricultural sector
  • Transport sector

We also make a detour to analyse the concept of a paperless society and its impact on energy consumption in the long run.

Household sector
The Household sector is one where there is high consumption of energy. Indeed, with more and more people leaning towards household appliances such as dishwashers, refrigerators, air conditioner and washing machines- to mention merely a few out of too many-, the energy consumption at household level is bound to increase. In Mauritius, the energy observatory report conducted by the Energy Efficiency Management Office (EEMO) showed a growth in energy consumption of 1.6% from 2016 to 2017, and the highest source of energy was electricity, where again, the consumption increased by 2.1% in the same year. By default, this entails a greater effort on the part of multiple parties namely the Government, the manufacturers as well as the resellers of domestic appliances to bring forward the concept of energy efficiency in this area.

For household appliances manufacturers, there is a need to produce energy efficient models which cater to the growing demand by the consumers for such specificities. We look at the case of international domestic appliances maker, Candy.


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Déforestation: une menace pour l’éco-système

La déforestation est un des facteurs provoquant le changement climatique à Maurice. Selon un article de « Ecology and Society », la déforestation a provoqué d’importantes érosions dans l’ile. Durant les années 1850 la déforestation était courante à cause de la colonisation. Cela a causé la perte de forêts tropicales dans l’ile.

Malheureusement, cette pratique néfaste pour l’écosystème perdure encore à ce jour. Maurice fait maintenant face à la perte massive de forêts de mangroves. Cette perte qui contribue à l’augmentation du niveau de la mer. Des études démontrent que cela pourrait éventuellement être périlleux pour les zones côtières dans un premier abord et finir par inonder l’ile.

Fabiola Monty spécialiste de l’environnement chez «DIS-MOI» nous donne plus de détails dans cette entrevue.

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Sécurité routière: Des mesures pour diminuer le nombre d’accident

2019 a connu de nombreux accidents de routes graves coutant la vie à de nombreuse personne. Maurice compte plus d’une cinquantaine d’accidents de route à ce jour depuis le début de l’année. La situation n’a pas évolué depuis l’an dernier. Les chiffres démontrent que l’année 2018 a été aussi bien meurtrière sur nos routes. On note 141 morts pour l’année 2018. Toutefois, rien que pour les sept premiers mois de l’année dernière, on dénombrait 99 morts, contre 69 morts en 2017. Dans un interview de l’inspecteur Matthur accordé à Télé Plus, ce dernier met en cause les sorties arrosées et l’imprudence des automobilistes.

Cependant des mésures ont été prises récemment afin de réduire cette tendance meurtrière. En décembre 2018, une programme de formation a été mis en place afin de sensibiliser les plus jeunes. Le Ministère du Transport a tenté de former les enseignants des établissements primaires dans un premier abord, les établissements secondaires restent un projet d’avenir. Par ailleurs, en 2018, il y a aussi eu un amendement de La Road Traffic Act incluant ainsi 204 délits. Le montant des amendes a été revu pour des délits tels que l’excès de vitesse. Ceux qui prennent le volant sans permis ou ceux qui prennent la route après que leur permis ait été suspendu devront payer une amende de Rs 50 000 à Rs 100 000.
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Mental Health

Mental Health: A taboo topic that needs to be talked about.

A handful of suicide cases related to mental health among youngsters, aged 18 to 25 years, in Mauritius between the months of January and April in 2019 has led the population to raise questions about the state of mind of our youth. Many youngsters face mild to strong mental illnesses that sometimes remain undiagnosed due to the stigma it usually brings along. According to The Guardian, 9 in 10 people who experience mental health issues report facing stigma and discrimination. This fact remains in Mauritius, where the population does not have a general understanding of the dangers of depression and other illnesses related to mental health.

How common are mental illnesses?

Mental illnesses are often disregarded and not considered as real illnesses. However, according to H.K Bhundoo, a lecturer in psychology at the University of Mauritius, for one person who has committed suicide, there are 25 people who are thinking about taking the same step. According to Dr Laurent Musango, a representative of the World Health Organisation (WHO), 10 to 20 % of adolescents and young adults experience mental health conditions yet, those cases remain underdiagnosed and untreated. Moreover, in a report published by the WHO, it is stated that two third of people who kill themselves are affected by depression. The remaining one third do so due to abrupt circumstances.

Out of 183 countries, Mauritius is ranked 114th in suicide rate. The average number of suicides in 100,000 people is 7.3. At least 10 people have already committed suicide between January and April 2019.

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